Noah's Ark & the Great Flood
Noah's Ark & the Great Flood
The story of Noah’s Ark is one of the most intriguing stories known to mankind. It can be found in around 200 different accounts around the world and on almost every continent.
However, many people today believe Noah’s Ark and the Flood are just myths or some altered version of ancient beliefs. Of all the stories in the Bible, Noah’s Ark and the Great Flood is one of the most controversial.
Is it all true? Did it really happen? How did it happen? And if it’s true, is there evidence of the Flood and the existence of Noah’s Ark today?
I believe you will be fascinated and touched by the amount of evidence that exists for the truthfulness of Noah’s Ark and the Bible’s account of all that took place surrounding this catastrophic event.
Is There Worldwide Historical Evidence for the Great Flood?
The Great Flood account is mentioned in writings, or oral traditions found all around the world. In fact, as mentioned, it’s referred to in around 200 accounts. These flood legends are common across a wide range of cultures, extending back to shortly after the flood account. These accounts depict a flood, sometimes global in scale, usually sent by a deity or deities to destroy civilization as an act of divine judgment. They are found on virtually every continent and share very similar themes. This is so because Noah’s descendants stayed together until God confused their languages at the Tower of Babel, and they scattered as found in Genesis 11. As the various people groups spread around the globe, the story of the Flood was so important and monumental that it was taken with them and shared. Over time the Great Flood account became embedded in their respective histories and cultures.
The oldest known written account of a global flood is the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh from the eighteenth-century BC.
The most significant account of Noah and the Great Flood is found in the Bible in Genesis chapters 6–8. It’s also mentioned 47 times throughout the Bible with references in 9 different books such as Genesis, Chronicles, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Matthew, Luke, Hebrews, and 1 & 2 Peter. This means Moses, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Jesus, the Apostle Peter, and the author of Hebrews all attest to the truthfulness of this catastrophic event as being literal and real.
What is very notable is the fact that Jesus referenced Noah and the Flood 5 times in the Gospel accounts. This is weighty evidence of the reality and truthfulness of Noah’s Ark and the Great Flood because Jesus referred to it as being a literal event, not some myth or fairy tale.
Why Do Many People Dismiss the Great Flood and Believe It’s a Myth?
The creation of the universe, along with Noah and the Great Flood, are some of the most attacked writings by critics. Why is this so? I believe it’s because creation deals with the fact that we have a divine Creator to whom we must give an account. Sinful humanity desires to be the lord of their lives and refuses to submit to their Creator. In order to justify their sinful lifestyles, they attempt to eradicate their Creator so they can do as they please. This is the root source of evolution. It denies the existence of God and tries to explain the existence of the universe by time and random chance. However, everywhere we look we see intelligent design, which attests to the existence of God.
According to God, every person knows in the depths of their hearts that God exists. Therefore, there is really no such thing as an atheist. Romans 1:18–21 addresses why no one is truly an atheist. It says: For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of people who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, 19 because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, being understood by what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their reasonings, and their senseless hearts were darkened.
This same attitude of rejecting our Creator was prevalent in the days of Noah. This is the main reason God sent the Great Flood.
Today, many choose not to believe the Creation and Great Flood accounts because they try to understand them using the natural laws of science. However, these events were supernatural and superseded natural laws. In fact, the whole Bible is full of supernatural events we call miracles because God is supernatural and is involved in His creation. Whenever God moves, it is supernatural. God also has created all the laws of nature as well. So, whether something is supernatural, or natural, everything that happens is due to God making it happen. In fact, nothing that happens does so without God working. When we understand and believe these truths, then the events of Creation and the Great Flood are very believable.
Those who claim there is no evidence for the Great Flood do so by using their preconceived belief that there was no flood to begin with and then attempt to explain away the evidence using eons of time and random chance.
Moreover, the creation of the universe was one of God’s greatest miracles. It was completely supernatural, and when He was done, it was a mature, fully functioning system that had apparent age to it. Adam and Eve were created mature, along with the animals and some plants for food for them. This was also the case with the stars. They had apparent age, and as mentioned, God’s creation was mature and fully functional. It did not evolve over time.
Other than the creation of the universe by God almighty and the works of Christ, there is no greater miracle recorded in the Bible than the Great Flood. It was a catastrophic event that altered the terrain, climate, and makeup of the earth. It lasted for around a year and wiped out everything that had the breath of life in its nostrils except Noah, his family, and the animals on the Ark.
Why Did God Send Such a Catastrophic Flood Upon the Earth?
Genesis 6:5–8 tells us why: Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of mankind was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of their hearts was only evil continually. 6 So the Lord was sorry that He had made mankind on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. 7 Then the Lord said, “I will wipe out mankind whom I have created from the face of the land; mankind, and animals as well, and crawling things, and the birds of the sky. For I am sorry that I have made them.” 8 But Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord.
Did God Give the Wicked the Opportunity to Repent before the Flood?
In 2 Peter 2:5, Noah is referred to as a “preacher of righteousness.” This means Noah was a preacher who preached to the people of his day to repent and turn from their wickedness to God. However, like most people today, the people of Noah’s day were too busy enjoying the pleasures of life and did not believe Noah or care that judgment was coming upon them. We don’t know how long Noah preached to the people of his day, but it could easily have been around 50–100 years. And for those who didn’t directly hear Noah’s preaching, they had a conscience given to them by God, God’s laws written in their hearts, and God’s Spirit convicting them of their wickedness, as it says in Romans 2.
How Big was the Ark, and How was It Built?
In Genesis 6:13–16, it says: Then God said to Noah, “The end of humanity has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of people; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. 14 Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with compartments, and cover it inside and out with pitch. 15 This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits [515 ft. or 157 m.], its width fifty cubits [86 ft. or 26 m.], and its height thirty cubits [62 ft. or 19 m.]. 16 You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit [20.61 inches or 52.35 cm.] from the top; and put the door of the ark on the side; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks.
The royal cubit was around 20.61inches, or 52.35 cm. long. This was the standard measurement used around the known world at that time. It’s like the metric system today. We see the royal cubit measurement used in the great pyramids of Egypt, gates at Tel Megiddo, Temple Mount Platform in Jerusalem, and other places. Moses wrote Genesis, so it stands to reason he would use this royal measurement as he was raised in Egypt, and it was universally used by all.
This old cubit measurement seems to be referred to as well in Scripture: 2 Chronicles 3:3 says: Now these are the foundations which Solomon laid for building the house of God. The length in cubits, according to the old standard, was sixty cubits, and the width, twenty cubits. The reference to the “old cubit” seems to be speaking of the “royal cubit” used before the Israelites established a newer cubit that was a little shorter in length.
Using the royal cubit, the Ark would measure 515 ft. or 157 m. long, 86 ft. or 26.21 m. wide, and 52 ft. or 15.70 m. high.
Scripture also indicates the Ark had three levels and many compartments for the animals.
What Did God Destroy by the Flood?
Genesis 6:17–22 says: Now behold, I Myself am bringing the Flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which there is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.
This would eliminate all humans and animals as they lived by breathing oxygen. The sea and water creatures were not destroyed.
What Kinds of Animals Did God Save from the Flood?
There were two kinds, or animal families God saved from the Flood. The first type was:
Genesis 6:18–22 states: But I will establish My covenant with you; and you shall enter the ark—you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 19 And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female. 20 Of the birds according to their kind, and of the animals according to their kind, of every crawling thing of the ground according to its kind, two of every kind will come to you to keep them alive. 21 As for you, take for yourself some of every food that is edible, and gather it to yourself; and it shall be food for you and them.” 22 So Noah did these things; according to everything that God had commanded him, so he did.
Of the regular animals, two of every kind went aboard the Ark.
A “Kind” of animal is similar in meaning to a “family” of animals. A kind of animal, or family of animals, is very different from a species of animals. A species deals with all the varieties within a kind or family of animals.
So this doesn’t mean God brought every species or variety of every animal, but two of every family of animals. This would reduce the number of animals that would have been on the Ark considerably. For example, today, there are around 300–400 different species of dogs. However, they all come from one kind of dog. From one pair of dogs, all the different varieties are derived.
The second type of animals were called clean. Genesis 7:1–5 says: Then the Lord said to Noah, “Enter the ark, you and all your household, for you alone I have seen to be righteous before Me in this generation. 2 You shall take with you seven pairs of every clean animal, a male and his female; and two of the animals that are not clean, a male and his female; 3 also of the birds of the sky, seven pairs, male and female, to keep their offspring alive on the face of all the earth. 4 For after seven more days, I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights; and I will wipe out from the face of the land every living thing that I have made.” 5 So Noah acted in accordance with everything that the Lord had commanded him.
Of the clean animals, there were seven pairs brought aboard the Ark. This would allow for Noah and his sons to be able to offer some of them as sacrifices after the Flood and not jeopardize their extinction.
Both the regular and clean animals were most likely young and small so that they wouldn’t take up a lot of space, would not eat as much, and would have many years of reproductive life ahead of them after the Flood to repopulate the earth again. This means that the dinosaurs brought aboard the Ark were most likely young and small as well.
How Did the Animals Come to the Ark?
It was God who supernaturally gathered the animals and brought them to Noah, and the Ark. Genesis 6:20 says, Of the birds according to their kind, and of the animals according to their kind, of every crawling thing of the ground according to its kind, two of every kind will come to you to keep them alive.
Who Closed the Door of the Ark?
Genesis 7:15 tells us: So they went into the ark to Noah, by twos of all flesh in which there was the breath of life. 16 Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered as God had commanded him; and the Lord closed the door behind him.
When Did the Great Flood Begin?
By the best records found in the Bible, the Great Flood took place around 2500 BC. Also, according to a literal interpretation of the Bible, God created the universe in about 4000 BC. This means the Flood happened 1,500 years after creation.
Where Did the Water Come from to Flood the Whole Earth?
Genesis 7:11–12 says: In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened. 12 The rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights.
This means that water came from two sources: (1) from the fountains of the deep and (2) from the floodgates of the sky.
It appears the continental plates were shifted, and the continents formed when the fountains of the deep opened and water gushed out.
It’s also believed that the water canopy God created at creation came down upon the earth. Before the Flood, the earth was like a huge greenhouse that was tropical in nature worldwide. Therefore, we find tropical fossils in places like the north and south poles. When this canopy came down, the earth’s atmosphere changed drastically. Because there was no longer a water canopy to protect the earth and keep the heat in, rapid cooling took place at the northern and southern poles and the higher mountains. This is evidenced by animals found frozen instantaneously in ice at both the southern and northern poles.
Did the Great Flood Cover the Whole Earth?
Genesis 7:17–23: Then the Flood came upon the earth for forty days, and the water increased and lifted up the ark, so that it rose above the earth. 18 The water prevailed and increased greatly upon the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the water. 19 And the water prevailed more and more upon the earth, so that all the high mountains everywhere under the heavens were covered. 20 The water prevailed fifteen cubits higher [26 ft., 8 m.], and the mountains were covered. 21 And all flesh died that moved on the earth: birds and cattle and beasts and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, and every man. 22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, all that was on the dry land, died. 23 So He wiped out every living thing that was upon the face of the land, from mankind to animals, to crawling things, and the birds of the sky, and they were wiped out from the earth; and only Noah was left, together with those that were with him in the ark.
Scripture is clear that the Flood covered all the mountains everywhere under the heavens and that all flesh died that breathed air.
It’s also clear from the Bible and archaeological evidence that the Great Flood covered all the earth under the heavens.
Those who say the flood account was just a local event and not worldwide overlook the fact that all people and animals not in the Ark could have easily left the area of a local flood and migrated to higher ground. In doing so, they wouldn’t have been destroyed, as Scripture indicates. Also, much more than just a local area of the earth was populated, so the Flood had to be global to destroy all the other animals and humans.
How Long Was There Water on the Whole Earth?
1. Day 1: The Flood begins in the 600th year of Noah’s life, in the 2nd month, on the 17th day of the month, the fountains of the great deep broke apart, and the windows of heaven were opened, and it began to rain as found in Genesis 7:11.
It should be noted that Noah entered the Ark seven days before the flood began, as found in Genesis 7:1–5.
2. Day 40: The massive deluge of water ends after forty days and nights in the 3rd month, on the 27th day of the month, as found in Genesis 7:11–12 and Genesis 7:17–20.
3. Day 150: The waters continue to prevail on the whole earth 110 days after the deluge stops in the 7th month, on the 17th day of the month, as found in Genesis 7:24 and Genesis 8:4.
4. Day 150: The waters begin to recede, and the Ark rests on the mountains of Ararat in the 7th month, on the 17th day of the month, as found in Genesis 7:24 and Genesis 8:4.
Scripture says that the Ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat. Ararat was a territory originally called Urartu. Notice that the Ark didn’t rest upon Mt. Ararat but upon the mountains of Ararat.
Now when we look carefully at verses four and five, they seem hard to understand.
Genesis 8:4 says: Then in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat.
Genesis 8:5 says: And the water decreased steadily until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains became visible.
It seems confusing as the Ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat 74 days before the mountains were visible. How could this be?
This becomes very clear and understandable when we realize that the Ark had drogue stones that were used to stabilize the Ark. These were massive stones that hung down under the ship and were used to stabilize it. They were used in ancient times and acted like sailboat ballasts today. They created a drag in turbulent waters to prevent a ship from slipping sideways against the waves. In calmer waters, they hung deep sounding for the bottom underwater. Therefore, the drogue stones of the Ark caused it to stop and rest on the mountains. Afterward, when the water level dropped, the Ark touched down and sat on the land.
Interestingly, these stones have been found in the area where it’s believed Noah’s Ark came to rest. We will be looking at these drogue and anchor stones in more detail in a moment when we look at all the evidence for the location of Noah’s Ark in Eastern Turkey in the mountains of Ararat.
5. Day 224: The tops of the mountains become visible in the 10th month, on the 1st day of the month, as found in Genesis 8:5. Between days 150 and 224, the Ark touched down upon dry land.
6. Day 264: Noah sent out a raven in the 11th month, on the 11th day of the month, as found in Genesis 8:6.
7. Day 271: A dove is sent out and returns to Noah in the 11th month, on the 18th day of the month, as found in Genesis 8:6–12.
8. Day 278: The dove is sent out again and returns with an olive leaf in the 11th month, on the 25th day of the month, as found in Genesis 8:10–11.
9. Day 285: The dove is sent out again and does not return in the 12th month, on the 2nd day of the month, as found in Genesis 8:12.
10. Day 314: The earth’s surface is dried up in the 601st year of Noah’s life, in the 1st month, on the 1st day of the month, as found in Genesis 8:13.
11. Day 370: Noah, his family, and the animals leave the Ark in the 2nd month, on the 27th day of the month, as found in Genesis 8:14–17.
Taking all this time into account, the earth wasn’t dry until 314 days after the Flood began. This is the equivalent of over 10 months.
Altogether, Noah and the animals were in the Ark for 370 days total. This is equivalent to over a year.
We often overlook how much time the event of the Great Flood actually took place.
What Did Noah Do Shortly After the Great Flood?
Genesis 8:20–21 says: Then Noah built an altar to the Lord, and took some of every kind of clean animal and some of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 21 The Lord smelled the soothing aroma, and the Lord said to Himself, “I will never again curse the ground on account of man, for the intent of man’s heart is evil from his youth; and I will never again destroy every living thing, as I have done.
So, Noah worshiped the Lord after the Flood, and God instituted the rainbow as a promise He would never again destroy those upon the earth with another Great Flood. So again, if the Flood would have been just local as some claim, then every time there is a local flood, God would be breaking His promise He established regarding the rainbow.
Is There Evidence Today for the Location of Noah’s Ark?
Yes, there is a ton of evidence for the location of Noah’s Ark, and I am really excited to share it with you. The site we’ll be looking at has far more evidence than any other proposed place. It’s known today as the Durupinar Site but is not new as it has been venerated for thousands of years.
We have another website page dedicated to the overwhelming evidence that can be seen today for the location of Noah's Ark. Here's the link: Noah's Ark Location
Places of Interest
1. Noah’s Ark National Park
2. Noah’s Ark Location
3. Noah’s Ark Visitor Center
4. Drogue – Anchor Stones
5. Noah’s Home
6. Noah’s Altar & Corrals
7. Mountains of Ararat
8. Mount Ararat
9. Wall of Heaven Site
10. Crow Won’t Land Site
11. Village of the Eight
Faith Lesson from Noah’s Ark
1. Do we truly believe that the biblical account of Noah’s Ark and the Great Flood really happened?
Today, there is a raging battle taking place between those who want to eliminate a literal account of the creation of the universe and the Great Flood account as found in Genesis 1–8. The battle is between those who attempt to explain every earthly event by using only the natural laws of nature. In other words, they eliminate the existence of God and the supernatural. Therefore, they are only left with natural explanations for everything that occurred in the past.
God tells us that the answer to these apparent dilemmas is faith. Hebrews 11:3 tells us that: By faith we understand that the worlds were framed [created] by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible.
Creation was a supernatural event that we should believe by faith.
Additionally, God says that without faith it is impossible to please God. Hebrews 11:6 says: But without faith, it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.
Mankind’s problem is that they trust in their own intelligence and beliefs rather than trusting in God. Proverbs 3:5 clarifies this problem and the solution: Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and lean not on your own understanding.
God identifies unbelief as a sin in the Bible. Hebrews 3:12 says: Take care, brothers and sisters, that there will not be in any one of you an evil, unbelieving heart that falls away from the living God.
What about us? Do we believe God created the universe and all that exists in six literal days, as the Bible says, or do we lean on the understanding of so-called scientists and others who say otherwise?
Also, do we believe there was a literal flood like God says, or do we believe people instead? It’s really a matter of whom we choose to believe. Do we believe what God says in the Bible or people? It’s that simple.
2. Do we understand why God sent the Flood?
The purpose of the Great Flood was to destroy all the wicked people on the earth. Now while this might sound cruel, it is actually an exercise of God’s mercy and justice. Sin causes heartache and suffering. When sin reaches such a severe state, then God will step in and eliminate it. This is what He did with the Flood, Sodom and Gomorrah, the Canaanites, and so forth. Also, we believe children go to heaven if they die before the age of accountability. So, instead of having to suffer at the hand of the wicked, they go to heaven. And lastly, everyone will die sooner or later, so in the grand scheme of time, it doesn’t matter a whole lot if a person dies young or old. What matters is that they are right with God and following Him.
Also, God is just in punishing the wicked, whether it be during their time on earth or after they die.
So what about us? Do we realize that we all will stand before God and give an account of our lives? If we are believers, we will be judged for how we used our gifts and abilities for God, not whether we will go to hell. Those who reject God and His offer of salvation through Jesus Christ will be judged and sent to hell.
3. Do we believe Noah and the Great Flood are examples of judgment to come?
Before God destroyed all the wicked in the Flood, He gave them sufficient time to repent. However, they continued in their wickedness and rejected their Creator. It is the same today. Jesus said in Matthew 24: 37–39: But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 38 For as in the days before the Flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39 and did not know until the Flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be.
And 1 Peter 1:20 speaks of how God patiently waited for the wicked to turn to Him before He sent the Great Flood: When once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water.
Moreover, 2 Peter 2:2 says: For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; 5 and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the Flood on the world of the ungodly.
4. Do we believe God is patiently waiting, like in the days of Noah, for people to turn from their sin and get right with their Creator?
2 Peter 3:3–14 says: Know this first of all, that in the last days mockers will come with their mocking, following after their own lusts, 4 and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue just as they were from the beginning of creation.” 5 For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that by the word of God the heavens existed long ago and the earth was formed out of water and by water, 6 through which the world at that time was destroyed by being flooded with water. 7 But by His word the present heavens and earth are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly people. 8 But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years like one day. 9 The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not willing for any to perish, but for all to come to repentance. 10 But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be discovered. 11 Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness, 12 looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the elements will melt with intense heat! 13 But according to His promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells. 14 Therefore, beloved, since you look for these things, be diligent to be found spotless and blameless by Him, at peace.
5. What about us? Have we received Christ as our Savior, and are we right with God?
Sea of Galilee Sites
Northern Israel Sites
Central Israel Sites
Southern Israel Sites
Other Biblical Sites
Experience the Holy Land Online!