City of David Overview
Places of Interest
City of David Overview
1. The City of David is located just south of the Temple Mount on a plateau ridge.
2. It’s where all the history of Jerusalem began.
3. It is strategically located with the Kidron Valley to the east, the Tyropoeon Valley to the West, and the Hinnom Valley to the south. These valleys provide it with natural protection.
Psalms 125:2: As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the Lord surrounds His people from this time forth and forever.
4. It has been the most excavated site in Israel over the past 150 years.
1. It was 3,000 years ago that King David made the City of David, also known as Jerusalem, the capital of Israel.
2. Before David, it was Abraham who would traverse here when he met with the King of Salem (Jerusalem).
3. Later, Abraham would be willing to offer his son, Isaac, to the Lord on Mt. Moriah which is just above the City of David.
4. The City of David had an amazing source of freshwater known as the Gihon Spring.
5. The City of David is also referred to as Zion in Scripture.
2 Samuel 5:7: Nevertheless, David captured the stronghold of Zion, that is the city of David.
Places of Interest
1. A theater with an excellent movie showing the history of the City of David.
2. Bet Hatsofeh Lookout – Great place to see a panoramic view of the City of David and the sites around it.
3. Palace of King David
Recent discoveries unearthed two Bullae (clay seals) dating to the beginning of the 6th Century BC, bearing the names "Gedaliah Ben Pashur" and "Yehuchal Ben Shelemayahu." Both officials are named in the Bible. Jeremiah 38:1 says: "Then ... Gedaliah the son of Pashur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah... heard the words that Jeremiah had spoken unto all the people." This is the first time two bullas from a single Bible verse have been discovered in one place.
4. Givati Excavation Area
Jeremiah's Dungeon. Jeremiah 38:6: "So they took Jeremiah and cast him into the cistern of Malchiah, the king's son, which was in the court of the guard, letting Jeremiah down by ropes. And there was no water in the cistern, but only mud, and Jeremiah sank in the mud."
5. Stepped Stone Retaining Wall
6. Ancient 3,000-year-old walls
7. Walls Nehemiah repaired.
8. House of Ahiel (four-room house)
9. Hasmonian Tower
10. Burnt Room – Evidence of a room that was burnt during the Babylonian destruction in 586 BC.
Jeremiah 52:12–13: "In the fifth month, on the tenth day of the month—that was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon—Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard, who served the king of Babylon, entered Jerusalem. 13 And he burned the house of the Lord, and the king's house and all the houses of Jerusalem; every great house he burned down."
11. Gihon Spring
Jerusalem’s main water source
King Solomon was anointed here, along with many other kings
King Hezekiah diverted the water down to the Pool of Siloam
12. Hezekiah’s Water Tunnel
13. Canaanite Tunnel
14. Warren Shaft System
15. Melchizedek's Temple
16. Ancient 3,000-year-old walls
17. Tomb of King David
18. Pool of Siloam – Siloam means “safe”
Herod the Great enlarged the Pool of Siloam to make it a massive Mikveh
A blind man was healed here by Christ
19. Pilgrim's Road leading up to the temple from the Pool of Siloam called the Herodian Street. It was used by countless Jews to ascend to the temple. There is no doubt Jesus walked this road as well.
20. There was a canal tunnel under the Herodian Street that was used for waste purposes. In this tunnel, thousands of Jews were slaughtered by the Romans in 70 AD as they tried to escape the city.
21. In this same tunnel, a rare gold bell that was sewn onto priest’s garments, an ancient silver shekel that was used to pay the half-shekel temple tax, and a Roman sword with its leather sheath still partly intact have been recently discovered.
City of David in the Bible
1. Before King David conquered this site, it was known as the city of Jebus.
1 Chronicles 11:3–5: So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the Lord; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the Lord through Samuel. 4 Then David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus); and the Jebusites, 5 the inhabitants of the land, were there. The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “You shall not enter here.” Nevertheless, David captured the stronghold of Zion (that is, the city of David).
2 Samuel 5:9: So David lived in the stronghold and called it the city of David. And David built all around from the Millo and inward.
2. David built houses for himself and prepared a place for the Ark of the Covenant in the City of David.
1 Chronicles 15:1: Now David built houses for himself in the city of David; and he prepared a place for the ark of God and pitched a tent for it.
3. David brought the Ark of the Covenant to the City of David.
2 Samuel 6:12: Now it was told King David, saying, “The Lord has blessed the house of Obed-edom and all that belongs to him, on account of the ark of God.” David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into the city of David with gladness.
4. David strongly desired to build a house for the Lord, but God said no because of all the bloodshed he had shed in battle. However, he made all the plans and prepared much of the materials his son, Solomon would use to build the House of the Lord.
1 Chronicles 22:5: Now David said, “Solomon my son is young and inexperienced, and the house to be built for the Lord must be exceedingly magnificent, famous and glorious throughout all countries. I will now make preparation for it.” So David made abundant preparations before his death.
5. From David’s palace rooftop, he saw Bathsheba bathing and committed a serious sin.
2 Samuel 11:2: It happened, late one afternoon, when David arose from his couch and was walking on the roof of the king's house, that he saw from the roof a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful.
6. David died and was buried in the City of David.
1 Kings 2:10: Then David slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David. David’s tomb is located close to the City of David.
7. King Solomon was anointed as king at the Gihon Spring.
1 Kings 1:45: Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon, and they have come up from there rejoicing, so that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise which you have heard.
8. After David built his palace and much of the city of David, his son, Solomon, built the temple just north of the City of David.
1 Kings 6:1: In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, he began to build the house of the Lord.
9. The people would go up from the City of David to the temple to worship God.
Isaiah 2:3: And many peoples shall come, and say: “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.”
10. Later, King Hezekiah built a tunnel to divert the water from the Gihon Spring (the city’s water source) down to the Pool of Siloam to keep the water inside the city walls so warring armies (the Assyrians) couldn’t cut off the water to the city.
2 Chronicles 32:30: This same Hezekiah closed the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon and directed them down to the west side of the city of David.
Faith Lesson from the City of David
1. The City of David has provided overwhelming archaeological evidence supporting the truthfulness of Scripture. Do we embrace these and many other pieces of evidence that yield more and more proof that the Bible is true and historically accurate?
2. The City of David, along with Jerusalem, was destroyed by the Babylonians because of Israel’s disobedience to God. Do we understand that obedience brings life and peace, but disobedience brings death and destruction?
3. In what areas of my life am I experiencing pain and problems because of disobedience to God’s Word?
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